What Is Kalaripayattu training? Some people also call it is as kalarippayattu.
Kalaripayattu is a martial art technique that was originated during the 13th century. This is one of the oldest fighting martial art which is in existence. Kalaripayattu is basically practiced in Kerala and in some parts of Tamil Nadu.
Kalaripayattu training is distinguished in its defensive and attacking pattern and it has three regional variants.
Kalaripayattu training- Indian Martial Arts
- Northern Kalarippayattu: Main parts of Northern Malabar practice Northern Kalaripayattu. The emphasis is given on weapons than empty hands. It is believed that Parashurama, sixth avatar of Vishnu is the style founder. This style includes both physical training and use of full body massage oil. It is assumption that use of both these things is closely associated to Ayurveda. The purpose of using oil is to increase the flexibility of muscles and to treat injuries during practice.
- Southern Kalaripayattu: Varma Kalai of Tamil Nadu is known as Southern Kalaripayattu and it is practiced in South Kerala. The masters of these are called asaan. There are various stages of training in southern kalaripayattu such as partner training, solo forms, short stick, knife, long stick, sword and shield, double sword, flexible sword and pressure points. Southern Kalaripayattu has various laws also such as law of hitting, hitting vital spots and art of varma. Weapons in these include bamboo staves, double deer horns and short sticks.
- Central Kalaripayattu: This technique is practiced in main parts of north Kerala. The techniques used in these are very diverse in nature and emphasis is laid on the application. It focuses on lower body strength. It is also known as Madhya Kalari.
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The techniques used in Kalaripayattu are combination of two things. The first is Chuvatu and the second is Vadivu. Chuvatu is known as steps and vadivu are called postures. Chuvatu and Vadivu are basic steps of martial arts as well as basic characteristics of Kalaripayattu training. These styles are named after animals and these are usually eight in number. Not only the names of these are different but application and interpretation is also different. Each style has its own uniqueness and power, function and effectiveness. You can find Kalaripayattu techniques videos online.
Kalari Marma shastram and Massage
It is often claimed that the learned warriors can kill their opponents by touching at the vital points. This is pure misuse of the technique. Kalari Marmashastram is knowledge for the marma treatment. In overall training of Kalaripayattu, detailed marma is taught to the students.
In marma treatments, students are given knowledge of marma in the body (vital points of the body). In Kalari Marma, warriors are lightened with marmas of the body, where they have to attack. A person can be killed or paralyzed, just by touching this points. As it is risky, in today’s time, it is taught only to the people, who will never misuse the technique.
Same Marma points are used in marma massage. By doing massage on specific nodal points of the body, where rajo, tamo and sattva guna energies are gathering can cure any form of diseases. With little knowledge in this treatment, normal problems such as back pain, neck pain and small body issues can be cured. This treatment is called as Marma Abhyanga. It acts basically near the chakras of a human.
In this way the Indian martial art performers become knowledgeable in the field of massage and medicine. In order to increase the flexibility of the students, Kalaripayattu teachers often provide massages. These are also done to heal the injuries during the practice.
Kalari martial arts technique is so effective that Indian Actress Partneeti Chopra has practiced kalaripayattu training and had shed a lot of weight. She says that Gym doesn’t excite her but this physical exercise attracted me. Yes, it’s a beautiful way to both learn martial arts and shed your weight. So, what’s your excuse to stay at home? Get out of your bed, practice Kalaripayattu and stay fit. Happy Fitness